ECG settings make an important contribution to accurate cardiac diagnostics. Explore the role of different ECG filter types, get to know the MESI Signal Enhancement setting and learn how to operate the MESI mTABLET ECG settings screen.
In this blog you will learn:
In the ECG, the signal levels are very low (< 5 mV), so filtering is used to remove a wide range of noise. The noise may come from an unstable DC offset from the electrode/body interface, muscle noise, mains hum (50/60 Hz), nearby equipment and from within the ECG equipment itself, such as from internal DC/DC converters.
Filters remove or reduce the frequencies where the noise occurs while allowing the signal
frequency through. Filter activation influences both the displayed and printed signals. For correct and accurate analysis, any automatic interpretation of the trace is always performed on the non-filtered signal only.
This filter is used to reduce various high-frequency muscle artifact and external interference – noise generated by nearby electronic devices. The 150 Hz setting clears most of the signal. If you require less filtering, the setting should be set to 250 Hz.
Used to remove low-frequency components such as motion artifact, respiratory variation, and baseline wander.
Three settings (0.5 Hz, 0.2 Hz, 0.05 Hz) could be linked to the following use cases:
Used for reducing muscle tremor signal, seen when the electrodes are placed on large muscle masses. Similarly to the Low-pass filter, the setting should be set higher if the noise comes through.
Please note: A recorded ECG is stored without the myogram filter. It is therefore possible to print the stored ECG either with or without the myogram filter. All the other filters can not be removed from the ECG recording once they are activated.
Used for filtering mains interference without distorting the ECG signal. It should always be enabled and set to local mains frequency, e.g. 50 Hz for Europe.
Since the ECG trace can drift a bit before it stabilises (i.e. the baseline drift occurs), selecting the Progressive mode with either 0.2 or 0.5 High-pass filter ensures faster and greater stability from the beginning of the measurement and provides a good quality signal with all types of electrodes, including self-adhesive electrodes (where conductivity can sometimes be impaired, e.g. by inadequate patient preparation).
When the Progressive mode is enabled, however, the lead-off detection window will be shown prior to the measurement, letting you know which leads are connected and which not. When all leads are successfully attached, the measurement will continue automatically.
On the MESI mTABLET ECG screen, the lead-off detections are marked in red.
Here is an example of the filter settings that should be enabled for a clear and stable signal capture:
During the ECG measurement with the MESI mTABLET ECG, the recording screen is comprised of the 12-lead signal displayed in real time and recording settings. At the same time, it displays the electrode connection status which will notify you if the applied electrode has good or a bad signal strength. If the patient has a pacemaker, the PACE indicator will light up next to electrode status.
Fast buttons are there to change between most common filters, recording speed and sensitivity. By pressing on the button repeatedly, you can switch between the following options:
Myogram filter button rotates between 25 Hz, 35 Hz and “off” options
Sensitivity button changes the amplitude settings between 5, 10, 20 mm/mV
Recording speed button rotates between 12, 25, 50 mm/s values
The device comes with default settings which we deem to be best for general use; these settings can be adapted at any time or restored by selecting “default settings” in the ECG settings screen.
If you are experiencing problems that you think are connected with ECG settings or signal, please make sure that:
Here is a user-friendly ECG e-book full of illustrations!