COVID-19 has posed one of the biggest challenges in modern healthcare so far. Not only as the pandemic, which affects the daily work of all health professionals worldwide, but also in terms of long-term consequences for their patients. Here is a long COVID resource for medical professionals with the latest information about this condition. You can also download it as a handy brochure with a patient questionnaire to help you in the examination process.
In this blog you will learn:
When we speak of long COVID, we refer to individual or multiple signs and symptoms that continue or develop after acute COVID-19. The term ‘long COVID’ covers ongoing symptomatic COVID-19 (from 4 to 12 weeks) as well as post-COVID-19 syndrome (12 weeks or more). Until 4 weeks after onset, the term ‘acute COVID-19’ is used. 
Studies are still ongoing, especially at an international scale. A British study shows a prevalence of post-COVID symptoms in approximately one third of the COVID-19 population [2, 8]. Based on studies from different countries, persistent symptoms show in 8-27% of children.
International research is still ongoing, but there are local data available. Among hospitalised patients in Italy, 32.6% experience problems after 60 days [4, 8]. In France, two-thirds of hospitalised patients experience problems after 60 days [5, 8]. A UK study of people who entered health information into a phone app shows that 22.1% reported problems after 5 weeks, and 9.9% after 12 weeks [6, 8]. According to a German study, only 22.9% of patients are entirely symptom-free at month 12 .
The signs and symptoms are quite numerous and varied. The most common are the following:
It is suspected that long COVID could be caused by permanent damage to the lungs, brain, heart and other organs. The development of autoantibodies is also being researched as a possible cause. 
The onset of more than five symptoms in the first week of acute COVID-19 is significant regardless of gender or age . Nevertheless, the acute phase can also be moderate or mild and/or there can be a period of temporary recovery before the onset of long COVID symptoms .
The most important risk factors are more than five symptoms in the first week of illness, advanced age, excessive body weight, being female and asthma .
Long COVID can consist of clusters of symptoms, which often overlap. They can change over time and affect any system in the body.  Individual symptoms can last for different time periods. Their monitoring is central to establish how long they last and when they end. 
While considering the known comorbidities, the following monitorings are recommended for basic long COVID diagnostics in primary care: [9, 12]
Our long COVID patient sheet contains basic long COVID information as well as a questionnaire and a measurement checklist. You can access it by downloading our long COVID brochure. However, you can also create a digital checklist, guiding you step by step through the patient interview and examination. Here is how.
Your patient interview protocol and all-round diagnostics can be performed on one device. This makes managing patients with the same condition much easier and faster. You can create a long COVID examination protocol in the MESI mTABLET – with the following advantages:
Download brochure in PDF here.